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A new cryptocurrency backed by Goldman Sachs is aiming to be a digital version of the US dollar

Fintech startup Circle, which is owned by the Wall Street giant, announced that the USD Coin cryptocurrency will be pegged to the US dollar, meaning it will not suffer from the volatility issues that have plagued bitcoin and other virtual currencies in recent years.

A stable value would make it suitable for use as a currency, not just an investment or store of value. Its creators say that the underlying blockchain technology will also mean the USD Coin will be a faster, better and more secure version of the US dollar.

“The invention of cryptographic assets and blockchain-based computing have ushered in the next major era of the open internet,” Circle explained in a blogpost announcing the new cryptocurrency.

“But a price-stable medium of exchange and store of value is missing, and badly needed in order for global financial interoperability to function reliable and consistently.”

While the new cryptocurrency will fulfill the stated goal of bitcoin of being an electronic cash system, the fact it is backed by a fiat currency and released by a major financial institution means it will not be a peer-to-peer, decentralized system.

People will also not be able to mine the USD Coin in the same way other cryptocurrencies can be generated, as the only way to acquire them is to buy them.

If successful, Circle plans to create other cryptocurrencies tied to other traditional currencies, like the pound and the euro.

It is the second cryptocurrency-related announcement from Goldman Sachs in the space of a month, following news that the investment bank is to open a bitcoin trading desk.

The trading platform will be the first of any major Wall Street institution and lends legitimacy to the space.

“This shouldn’t come as a huge surprise to anyone who has been paying attention to cryptocurrencies over the last 18 months. Any forward-looking financial institution needs to understand this technology and accept its enormous potential," Matthew Newton, an analyst at cryptocurrency retailer eToro, told The Independent at the time.

“Despite some initial posturing, the reality is most big banks have already invested significant amounts in research and development into blockchain technology, and cryptocurrencies themselves.”

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